1) Cognitive and emotional consequences of self-focused Attention
Is self-awareness (i.e., attention directed toward the self) an aversive state? Despite being crucial in goal-pursuit and self- improvement (Carver & Scheier, 1981), but also related to effort mobilization and creativity (Gendolla et al., 2012; Silvia & O’brien, 2004), self-focus entails self-to-standards comparisons (Duval & Wicklund, 1972) that could foster negative self- evaluations. Consequently, self-focused attention increases escape-related thoughts accessibility (Selimbegović & Chatard, 2013) and is linked to negative affects (Fejfar & Hoyle, 2000). Given that self-focused attention is highly prevalent, it is important to better understand its emotional, cognitive and motivational consequences.
2) Self-focus avoidance, personality and failure
I have conducted research on the motivational consequences of failure salience on self-focused attention. Namely, I investigate whether failure can motivate an individual to avoid self-focused attention (to the extent that this state is related to self-to- standards comparisons) and how inter-individual variables, such as guilt-proneness and locus of control, might moderate failure effects on self-focus avoidance.
3) Meta-science, replication and reproducibility
During the last two decades, it has been systematically reported that most effect sizes in social psychology are over-estimated (Klein et al., 2018; Open Science Collaboration, 2015). In addition, the current publication system favoring the quantity of research over its quality encourages the use of questionable research practices (Smaldino & McElreath, 2016). In an effort to increase credibility, transparency is highly encouraged as a best research practice. However, do modern recommendations ensure computational reproducibility? How can we reform the scientific culture to improve research credibility?
Social Cognition; Reflexive Emotions; Self-Focused Attention; Motivation; Meta-Science
Social psychology (L1 & L3, University of Poitiers)
Statistics (L1, University of Poitiers)
Perceiving and explaining behaviors (L2, University of Poitiers)
Manipulation & Propaganda (L2, University of Poitiers)
Cognitive psychology (L3, University of Poitiers)
Social cognition (L3, University of Poitiers)
Epistemology (M1, University of Poitiers)
Evolutionary psychology (L3,University of Poitiers)
Sophia Crüwell (PhD Student, University of Cambridge, UK)
Nicholas J. Brown (PhD, Linnaeus University, Sweden)
Monéger, J., Chatard, A., & Selimbegović, L. (2020). The Mirror Effect: A Preregistered Replication. Collabra: Psychology, 6(1), 18. https://doi.org/10.1525/collabra.321
Monéger, J., Chatard, A., Selimbegović, L. (2022). The defeated self: Evidence that entrapment moderates first name priming effects on failure-thought accessibility. Self and Identity. https://doi.org/10.1080/15298868.2022.2099454
Crüwell, S., Apthorp, D., Baker, B., J., Colling, L., Elson, M., Geiger, S., J., Lobentanzer, S., Monéger, J., Patterson, A., Schwarzkopf, S., Zaneva, M., Brown, J., L. (2022, Accepted in Psychological Science). Describing the Effectiveness of the Open Data Badge Policy at the Journal Psychological Science through Computational Reproducibility. https://doi.org/10.31234/osf.io/729qt
Monéger, J., Chatard, A., Selimbegović, L. (2021). (Eye-)Tracking the Escape from the Self: Guilt moderates self-focus avoidance. ESCON, Salzburg (Austria), September 2021
Monéger, J., Chatard, A., Selimbegović, L. (2020). “Despicable Me! When self-awareness leads to a motivation to escape the self”. SPSP 2020, New-Orleans (USA), February 2020
Monéger, J., Chatard, A., Selimbegović, L. (2019). Moi, Moche et Méchant: Quand la Conscience de Soi Pousse à la Fuite. Poster présenté aux 15èmes journées du Groupe de Réflexions en Psychopathologie Cognitive (GREPACO), Reims (France), Juin 2019.